Jesus is greater than Moses and Joshua
Hebrews 3:1-19; 4:1-16
– Last message, we saw that Jesus is greater than the angels who were the mediators of the Old Testament. The message of the Son is great than the message of the angels in the Old Testament. The Old Testament was good but the New Testament is better.
– The Old Testament leaders Moses and Joshua were faithful to God but their works were incomplete. Moses didn’t get to enter the rest in Canaan, and Joshua’s rest in Canaan didn’t bring rest, just problems with Canaanites.
– Jesus was faithful in all that He has done, and is continuing to do. Jesus is greater than the Old Testament leaders, and He offers final rest in Heaven.
I) Our High Priest (3:1-11)
a. Jesus is worthy of more glory than Moses (1-4)
i. Partakers of a heavenly calling (1)
1. Jesus – apostle/sent One, High Priest/intercessor
ii. Jesus was faithful to God (2)
1. So was Moses in God’s house – Israel
iii. Jesus is the builder of God’s house (3)
1. Worthy of more glory than Moses
iv. God is the builder of all things (4)
1. Jesus is God
b. Jesus was faithful as a Son (5-6)
i. Moses was faithful as a servant (5)
1. Servant (grk. “therapon”) – a free servant of honorable position.
2. Moses faithfully testified concerning the Son
ii. Jesus’ house (6)
1. We are His house if we hold fast until the end
a. “The life of a saint is the evidence of a new life in the saint.”
b. New life results in continuance
c. Don’t harden your hearts (7-11)
i. Trust God’s promise (7-9)
1. Hear His voice and listen (7-8)
a. The Greek words for provocation and temptation were taken from the Hebrew words Meribah and Massah – which are from the incident where Moses hit the rock for water, and he named the place by these names because Israel saw God’s great works and they complained and still didn’t trust Him.
2. We have seen His works (9)
a. They had seen God’s works form 30 A.D. to 70 A.D. – 40 years.
ii. Unbelief results in no rest (10-11)
1. They don’t trust God’s Word (10)
2. They didn’t enter their rest (11)
II) The peril of unbelief (3:12-19)
a. Encourage each other constantly “Today” (12-15)
i. Be careful constantly not to fall away (12)
1. Apostasy – deliberate departure from God’s full revelation (Jesus), literally “to stand off from”
ii. Don’t be hardened by sin (13)
1. It blinds the heart
iii. Hold fast until the end (14-15)
1. We have become partakers of Christ (14)
a. We have become (gegonamen-perfect tense)- an action, which occurred in the past, has come to culmination, and stands as a completed result.
b. Hold fast – it is the test by which one can know he has faith – it continues – Lk 8:15
2. Persevere and obey God (15)
b. Those who didn’t enter the rest (16-19)
i. All those that came out of Egypt provoked God (16)
ii. God was angry with al of them for 40 years (17)
iii. Only Joshua and Caleb entered the rest in Canaan (18)
iv. Unbelief in God’s promise results in, no rest (19)
III) The rest for the believers (4:1-13)
a. The Gospel must be united with faith (1-5)
i. Promise of rest – literally “let us therefore fear lest a promise being left behind and still remaining of entering into His rest anyone of you should think that he has fallen short (faith in Jesus is sufficient) or has come too late (2 Pet. 3:9)
ii. We must trust God’s promise (2)
b. The Sabbath rest that remains (6-11)
i. It wasn’t final rest in Canaan (6-8)
1. David spoke of a rest in his time (7)
2. If Joshua’s rest was final, David wouldn’t have spoke of another rest (8)
ii. Rest from your works (9-11)
1. Sabbath rest – salvation, then heaven (9-10)
2. Don’t follow the Kadesh Barnea example of unbelief (11)
c. God knows His own (12-13)
i. The Word of God pierces or reveals what is in the heart (12)
ii. God knows everything and everyone (13)
IV) The Son of God offers help in time of need (14-16)
a. Let us hold fast our confession (14)
i. Jesus passed through the heavens – into the very presence of God
ii. Hold fast – inward confession of the heart and outward profession before men
b. We have a High Priest who can help (15)
i. Sympathize with our weaknesses
1. Jesus lived in the flesh
ii. Tempted in all ways
1. Lust of the flesh
3. Worship other gods
iii. Without sin
1. Jesus never gave in to sin (2 Cor. 15:21; 1 Pet. 2:22)
c. Let us draw near to the throne of grace (16)
i. With confidence
1. Because of Jesus (Heb. 10:19)
ii. Throne of grace
1. Mercy is available not punishment (Ps. 62:5-8)
iii. In time of need
1. 1 Cor. 10:12-13; 1 Pet. 5:6-10; James 4:7-8
I) Jesus our High Priest (3:1-11)
II) The peril of unbelief (3:12-19)
III) The rest for believers (4:1-13)
IV) The Son of God offers help (4:14-16)
– Sin causes our heart and our spiritual discernment to become cloudy.
– As a result of this the Bible says to constantly encourage one another “Today” before it is too late.
– If you are truly a born again child of God, your life will show it. It is impossible to receive eternal salvation through the Lord Jesus Christ, and remain unchanged.
– If you are truly saved your faith will endure all things. You might stumble but God will pick you back up. But maybe you aren’t saved, then before you leave here today, you need to trust Jesus Christ as your personal Savior, and turn your life over to Him.